EXODUS LOST by S. C. Compton

exodus lostS. C. Compton is a North Carolinian historian, but has spent a number of years in Peru, Guatemala and the Middle East.    He has come up with a fascinating and compelling theory on the origins of the Olmec of Mexico, a civilization which appeared in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico, in the present-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco.  They prospered in Mesoamerica from c. 1200 BCE to c. 400 BCE and are generally considered the forerunner of all subsequent Mesoamerican cultures such as the Maya and Aztecs.

The Olmecs are the ones with those huge head sculptures that are about twice the height of a person.  The first time I was aware of them was at a park in Cuidad Vallee which had two.  But when you tapped them, they made a metallic ring.  hahaha  They were copies made out of metal.  But that was my introduction to the Olmecs.



Mr. Compton’s well-researched theory is that they were influenced by the Egyptians.  Yeah. No, really.  He makes a wonderful case for this.  He starts with showing how there definitely was sea travel back in that time and even earlier across the Atlantic, so contact was possible.

World's Oldest Depiction of a Stern-Mounted Steering Rudder c. 1420 BC.

World’s Oldest Depiction of a Stern-Mounted Steering Rudder c. 1420 BC.

He examines the issue of dye, royal purple, which was made ONLY from a certain sea snail, and smelled bad.  Found in both Egyptian and Phoenician clothes, and on the remnants of cloth found in Olmec excavations, which it still smelled!

There is the case of the written language, a combination of hieroglyphics and alphabet glyphs, common to both, religious rituals in common, and architecture.

Even more specifically, he believes that the connection is with the Hyksos, who ruled between Egypt’s 14th and 16th dynasties.   And even more specifically, with the Nubians, (now modern Sudan), where commonalities are found in abundance, with funereal practices, human and infant sacrifices, etc.

It is absolutely fascinating, and beautifully written.  It is not dryly academic but very accessible as he adds topic after topic to support his theory.  Just a great book, so if you have any interest in history, in the history of Mesoamerica, I highly recommend this book.

Olmec Thrown, with King Holding His Sacrificed ChildOlmec mural

Olmec Calendar

Olmec Calendar


2 comments on “EXODUS LOST by S. C. Compton

  1. Judith Anderson says:

    Sounds wonderful! Thank you. It is already on my Wish List.

    I have visited the La Venta Park in Villahermosa and have seen the actual gigantic Olmec heads as well as many other fascinating sculptures. I have also been to Egypt as well as many other trips in Latin America (Five times to Peru).

    There are so many connections between the oldest Latin American cultures and the ancient Middle East as well as to India, and I am certain that there was at least an energetic Pan Pacific trading operation going on that those of European descent (and a belief in white supremacy) prefer to ignore.

    It is further my belief that what we now know as The Exodus is a rewriting of the history of the Hyksos invaders finally being defeated and expelled from Egypt by the Tao Dynasty, the final stages of which were done by the Pharaoh Ahmose.

    I cannot describe how much I am looking forward to this book.

  2. Marti says:

    Thanks so much for your response. I started to read the book because I have lived in Mexico now for 16 years, and the history of these historic peoples is all around us. I was visiting a small ruins site outside of Cuidad Valle, the only visitor, and the tour guide an elderly caretaker. As we stood on the top of one partially excavated building, he pointed all around to the hilly countryside. “See all those hills?” he said. “They are all part of this, more buildings. No money to excavate them and study them.” Most of the work done on the various sites in Mexico has been done by foreign universities and archeologists.

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